Volume vs. intensity in the training of competitive swimmers.

TitelVolume vs. intensity in the training of competitive swimmers.
MedientypJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AutorenFaude O, Meyer T, Scharhag J, Weins F, Urhausen A, Kindermann W
JournalInt J Sports Med
Date Published2008 Nov
SchlüsselwörterAdaptation, Physiological, Adolescent, Anaerobic Threshold, Anthropometry, Body Mass Index, Competitive Behavior, Cross-Over Studies, Exercise, Exercise Test, Exercise Tolerance, Female, Humans, Male, Muscle Contraction, Muscle, Skeletal, Swimming

The present study aimed at comparing a high-volume, low-intensity vs. low-volume, high-intensity swim training. In a randomized cross-over design, 10 competitive swimmers performed two different 4-week training periods, each followed by an identical taper week. One training period was characterized by a high-training volume (HVT) whereas high-intensity training was prevalent during the other program (HIT). Before, after two and four weeks and after the taper week subjects performed psychometric and performance testing: profile of mood states (POMS), incremental swimming test (determination of individual anaerobic threshold, IAT), 100 m and 400 m. A small significant increase in IAT was observed after taper periods compared to pre-training (+ 0.01 m/s; p = 0.01). Maximal 100-m and 400-m times were not significantly affected by training. The POMS subscore of "vigor" decreased slightly after both training periods (p = 0.06). None of the investigated parameters showed a significant interaction between test-time and training type (p > 0.13). Nearly all (83 %) subjects swam personal best times during the 3 months after each training cycle. It is concluded that, for a period of 4 weeks, high-training volumes have no advantage compared to high-intensity training of lower volume.

Alternate JournalInt J Sports Med
PubMed ID18418808
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