|Titel||The effect of the FIFA 11+ with added neck exercises on maximal isometric neck strength and peak head impact magnitude during heading: A pilot study|
|Year of Publication||2021|
|Autoren||Peek K, Andersen J, McKay MJ, Versteegh T, Gilchrist IA, Meyer T, Gardner A|
Background: Higher neck strength has been postulated to reduce head impact magnitude during purposeful heading in football.
Objectives: This pilot trial explored the effect of a neck exercise programme on (1) neck strength and (2) head impact magnitude during heading in male and female adolescent football players.
Methods: Boys and girls (aged 12-17 years) were randomised by team to the intervention (5 weeks of supervised neuromuscular neck exercises integrated into part 2 of the FIFA 11 + , completed three times per week) or the control group (usual part 2 of the FIFA 11 + , no neck exercises). Outcomes included isometric neck strength and head impact magnitude (peak linear acceleration and peak angular velocity) during standardised heading from a throw-in (at baseline and 6 weeks) plus completion of an evaluation survey by intervention players and coaches.
Results: In total, 52 players (n = 31 intervention; n = 21 control) completed the study. Mixed-model analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed significant differences in neck strength variables (p < 0.001), peak linear acceleration (p = 0.04) and peak angular velocity (p = 0.04) between the intervention and control groups over time. Intervention players demonstrated increases in mean composite neck strength (53.8% intervention vs 15.6% control) as well as decreases in mean peak linear head acceleration during heading (- 11.8% vs - 5.0%) from baseline to follow-up. Reduction in peak angular velocity was more pronounced in girls (- 27.7%) than boys (- 11.5%) in the intervention group. The addition of neck exercises into part 2 of the FIFA 11 + was feasible and accepted by players and coaches.
Conclusion: On average, players who completed neck exercises demonstrated an increase in isometric neck strength and a decrease in head impact magnitude during heading. These exercises were easily incorporated into usual training. Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (no: ACTRN12619001375145).
The effect of the FIFA 11+ with added neck exercises on maximal isometric neck strength and peak head impact magnitude during heading: A pilot study