Anaerobic exercise induces moderate acute phase response

TitelAnaerobic exercise induces moderate acute phase response
MedientypJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AutorenMeyer T, Gabriel HH, Rätz M, Müller HJ, Kindermann W
JournalMed Sci Sports Exerc
Date Published2001 Apr
SchlüsselwörterAcute-Phase Reaction, Adult, Anaerobic Threshold, Bicycling, Blood Physiological Phenomena, C-Reactive Protein, Exercise Test, Flow Cytometry, Humans, Hydrocortisone, Immunoenzyme Techniques, Immunophenotyping, Interleukin-6, Interleukin-8, Male, Plasma Volume, Statistics, Nonparametric

PURPOSE: It was intended to compare the immune reaction after single and repeated short bouts of anaerobic exercise.

METHODS: Twelve unspecifically trained male subjects (27 +/- 2 yr, 75 +/- 2 kg, VO(2peak) 52 +/- 2 mL x min(-1) x kg(-1)) performed one 60-s all-out test (SMT) on a cycling ergometer and the same test followed by eight 10-s all-out tests every 5 min (AN-TS). These tests and one control day (Co-Day) were applied in randomized order. At rest and 15 min, 2 h, and 24 h after cessation of exercise the following venous blood parameters were determined: concentration of neutrophils and (CD16(+ -)) premacrophages (both flow-cytometrically), interleukin 6 and 8 (IL-6, IL-8), C-reactive protein (CRP) and cortisol.

RESULTS: Two hours after cessation of exercise the neutrophils increased stronger after AN-TS than after SMT (P < 0.01). The peak in the number of premacrophages occurred earlier after SMT (15 min post; P < 0.01 to Co-Day) than after AN-TS (2 h post; P < 0.05 to Co-Day). IL-6 was elevated at 15 min and 2 h after AN-TS (P < 0.01 to SMT and Co-Day) but only slightly 2 h after SMT (P < 0.01 to Co-Day). There were no significant changes in IL-8. CRP was the only elevated parameter 24 h postexercise exclusively after AN-TS (P < 0.05 to Co-Day). CONCLUSIONS Repeated short anaerobic bouts of cycling lead to an acute phase response, which is more pronounced than after a single bout. Athletes should take care in performing such training sessions several times a week because signs of inflammation are detectable even 24 h after cessation of exercise.

Alternate JournalMed Sci Sports Exerc
PubMed ID11283429
Nicht definiert