Acute responses and muscle damage in different high-intensity interval running protocols.

TitelAcute responses and muscle damage in different high-intensity interval running protocols.
MedientypJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AutorenWiewelhove T, Fernandez-Fernandez J, Raeder C, Kappenstein J, Meyer T, Kellmann M, Pfeiffer M, Ferrauti A
JournalJ Sports Med Phys Fitness
Start Page606
Date Published2015 Feb 10

AIM: Our study aimed to evaluate the acute responses and exercise--induced muscle damage of five different high--intensity interval training (HIT) protocols adjusted by the maximum velocity obtained in the 30--15 Intermittent Fitness Test (V IFT ).

METHODS: Sixteen well--trained intermittent sport players (mean ± SD;; age, 24.6 ± 2.7 years; V̇O 2max , 58.3 ± 5.9 ml∙min∙kg --1 ) participated in five different HIT protocols separated by six days in between (P 240 : 4×4 min at 80% V IFT ; P 120 : 7×2 min at 85%; P 30 : 2×10×30 s at 90%; P 15 : 3×9×15 s at 95%; P 5 : 4×6×5 s sprints). Blood lactate (La), blood pH, serum creatinkinase (CK), heart rate (HR), session rating of perceived exertion (session--RPE), delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and countermovement jump (CMJ) height were measured.

RESULTS: A significant main effect for protocol ( p < 0.05) was found for the acute responses of HR, session-RPE and La with values increasing in longer intervals from P 15 to P 120 and P 240 while blood pH responded inversely. In contrast, P 5 produced the highest La concentration and blood pH decreases. 24 h post exercise CK, DOMS and the decrease in CMJ height were significantly higher after P 5 compared to all other protocols ( p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: HIT protocols of different interval duration and intensity result in varying acute physiological and perceptual demands and exercise--induced muscle damage. Longer intervals with submaximal intensity lead to higher acute cardio circulatory responses, whereas sprint protocols induce the highest muscle damage and muscle soreness.

Alternate JournalJ Sports Med Phys Fitness
PubMed ID25665748
Nicht definiert