Physiological Profiling of Female Football (Ross Julian BSc MSc, England)
In recent years, the level of professionalism and participation within female football has rapidly increased. With the game no longer in its infancy; there has been an increase in both the interest afforded to, and scientific research in, many aspects of female football. Presently, the majority of research has been conducted on the physical characteristics, physiological responses to training and match play and, more extensively injuries in female football. However, unaccounted for in many of these studies are the physiological properties which are independent for females and therefore accuracy and practicality of the results may be effected.
Therefore, the doctoral project in the realms of physiological profiling in female football, explores these unique occurrences which are individual to females. The main outcome investigates whether the different stages and, the fluctuation of hormones (with corresponding changes in physiological response) throughout the menstrual cycle impacts physical football performance and whether this can be managed.
Match Analysis in Football (Emiel Schulze BSc MSc, The Netherlands)
Individualising Fatigue & Recovery in Football (Denny Noor BSc Honours, Australia)
In elite football, the assessment of current player fatigue status is a critical task aimed at fine-tuning training prescriptions that balance training load and sufficient rest, in order to maximize player adaptation and/or performance. At present, research concerning this topic has fixated primarily on identifying valid and reliable surrogate measures of fatigue, without any definitive solution. Additionally, growing awareness of the need to consider player individuality when assessing fatigue status has been recommended. However, no clear individualized monitoring approach has yet to be proposed, with current fatigue diagnostics predominantly based on group means and main effects that provide only arbitrary standards or normal ranges for fatigue markers.
Therefore, the intent of the doctoral project will be to explore an individualized approach to fatigue monitoring in football. With the primary research aim to provide a valid and reliable determination of fatigue status in football players, using selected fatigue-related parameters that are longitudinally examined in order to establish individual-based reference ranges and thresholds.
Mental Fatigue in Football (Chris Thompson BSc PgCert, England)
The physiological, technical and skill demands of elite football have been found to be very high, resulting in training and match induced fatigue. However, the vast majority of the literature has only investigated the effects of physiological related fatigue. “Fatigue” is a broad, subjective personal feeling and can be experienced both physically and mentally. Mental fatigue is an additional feeling of fatigue which is typically experienced following periods of intense cognitive exposure (i.e. high job workloads). Whilst research in mental fatigue dates back to 1891, only in recent years has this phenomenon been tested in football performance, with little still known on the subject. The current PhD study looks to investigate the cause of mental fatigue in elite football players, the effects of mental fatigue on football match play and interventions that may reduce the effects of mental fatigue.